© 2018 VAPAR/Wits/DoH Mpumalanga

 

The research is supported by the Health Systems Research Initiative from Department for International Development (DFID)/ Medical Research Council (MRC)/ Wellcome Trust/ Economic and Social Research Council (ESRC) (MR/N005597/1, MR/P014844/1) 

Water

‘Water is life’: working with communities to develop local knowledge for action to address water shortage

1,524 deaths in the study in 2014-15. Over 500 may have been due to, or influenced by, lack of clean, safe water. Water sources include taps in the house, yard and street, mobile tanks, cement and traditional wells and surface water (ponds, rivers and dams). Water is also sought from boreholes. However, borehole water is reported as a poor preference, it is saline, does not taste good and damages electrical equipment. 

Reasons for water shortages:

Lack of infrastructure

Poor governance and planning

Mobile tanks

Droughts

Health and social impacts:

Poverty and hunger

Avoidable illness

Sanitation and hygiene

Stress and conflict

Educational and economic impacts